There are two words which we here very frequently, statutory body and constitutional body. Many of us do not actually know the difference between statutory body and constitutional body. In this post we are going to see the exact difference between statutory body and constitutional body. We will see in detail that what is statutory body and what is Constitutional body.
Difference between Statutory body and Constitutional body
A statutory body are those bodies which are created by a law passed by the parliament which explicitly mentions the objectives for creation, their composition, Powers. Such bodies are subject to change by a respective change in the law governing them in other words body set up by law which is authorized to enforce legislation on behalf of the country or state. They are typically found in countries which are governed by British style of parliamentary democracy but are also found elsewhere like India, Australia, and New Zealand.
The goals and objectives of a statutory authority are typically set out in the Originating act or in subsequent governmental guidance or instruction. Its senior management are chosen by the relevant government and will work closely with its associated ministry or ministries It is not defined in Constitution of India but it gets its powers. by an act of parliament or state legislatures.
Here we have the list of statutory bodies and the acts which were passed to make these statutory bodies are given
Some Important Statutory Bodies
- National Human Rights Commission – The Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993 (TPHRA)
- National Commission for Women – 1990 National Commission for Women Act.
- National Commission for Minorities – National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992
- National Commission for Backward Classes – National Commission for Backward Classes Act, 1993
- National Law Commission
- National Green Tribunal – National Green Tribunal Act, 2010
- National Consumer Disputes Redressal Commission – Consumer Protection Act, 1986.
- Armed forces tribunal – Armed Forces Tribunal Act, 2007
- The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)
- Central Information Commission
- Central Vigilance Commission
Constitutional Body is a body that is formed under the Constitution. Bodies like Supreme Court of India, Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha are all Constitutional bodies because they are established by the virtue of the Constitution of India.
These are the bodies which are mentioned in constitution of India and so considered as more powerful and independent. For example Election Commission of India is mentioned in Article.
Its mandate and power are mentioned in constitution itself as a result it has a large degree of autonomy.
Constitutional bodies are mentioned in constitution of India for example I am giving the name of the some constitutional bodies which are mentioned in the constitution of India.
Election Commission – Part XV Article 324
Finance Commission – Article 280
Public service commission – Part XIV chapter 2 Article 315 – 323
National commission for SC/ST – Article 338/Art 338-A
Comptroller Auditor General – Article 148
Attorney General of India – Article 76
Advocate general of State – Article 165
Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) – Part XIV Articles 315 to 323
Special Officer for Linguistic Minorities – Part XVII Article 350-B
In the above given content on the difference between statutory body and constitutional body is very clear. statutory body are also called as extra constitutional bodies which are not mentioned in the constitution of India but they came into existence due to the certain laws and acts passed by the government of India.