All about Olympics
Olympic is world’s most famous gaming event. Almost all the countries from the world participate in this tournament. Modern Olympic games are inspired by the ancient Olympic games which were held in Greece in 8th century to 12th century. In modern times two Olympics are organised named winter Olympics and summer Olympics. they do not organised in same year. There is 2 yr gape between winter and summer Olympic games
From the recorded history the reliable date of Olympics is 776 B.C. It is known that during the mid summer of 776 B.C. a gaming festival was organized at Olympia on the eastern coast of the Peloponnesian peninsula.
According to historical records, the first ancient Olympic Games organized way back to 776 BC. Those games dedicated to the Olympian gods and were staged on the ancient plains of Olympia. Those games(ancient Olympic games) continued for nearly 12th century, until Emperor Theodosius decreed in 393 A.D. that all such “pagan cults” be banned.
Modern Olympics and revival
Modern Olympics is inspired by the ancient Olympic Games, which were held in Olympia, Greece, from the 8th century BC to the 12th century AD. To revive the ancient Olympic games Mr. Baron Pierre de Coubertin founded the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in 1894, That leads to the first modern Games in Athens in 1896. The IOC is the governing body of the Olympic Movement, with the Olympic Charter defining its structure and authority.
The modern Olympic Games or Olympics(originated from French: Jeux olympiques). It is leading international sports event featuring summer and winter sports. Thousands of athletes from around the world participate in a variety of competitions. The Olympic Games are considered the world’s most famous sports competition with more than 200 participating nations. The Olympic Games are held every four years, with the Summer and Winter Games alternating by occurring every four years but two years apart.
Motto of Olympics
The Olympic motto is the”Citius, Altius, Fortius”, which is Latin for “Faster, Higher, Stronger”. It was proposed by Pierre de Coubertin upon the creation of the International Olympic Committee in 1894.
Logo of Olympics
The rings are five interlocking rings, colored blue, yellow, black, green and red on a white field, known as the “Olympic rings”. The symbol was originally designed in 1912 by Baron Pierre de Coubertin, co-founder of the modern Olympic Games. He appears to have intended the rings to represent the five participating continents: Europe,Asia, Africa, America & Australia. According to Coubertin, the colors of the rings together with the white of the background included the colors composing every competing nation’s flag at the time.
Olympic torch and relay
The modern tradition of moving the Olympic torch via a relay system from Greece to the Olympic venue began with the Berlin Games in 1936. Months before the Games are held, the Olympic Flame is lit on a torch, with the rays of the Sun concentrated by a parabolic reflector, at the site of the Ancient Olympics in Olympia, Greece. The torch is then taken out of Greece, most often to be taken around the country or continent where the Games are held. The Olympic torch is carried by athletes, leaders, celebrities, and ordinary people.
Olympic anthem is musical work which is composed by Spyridon Filiskos Samaras. He was a Greek composer particularly admired for his operas. The IOC requires that the anthem be performed in either English or Greek.
Lyrics of Olympic anthem
Olympic game medals
In Olympics there are three types of medals which are awarded to the athletes.
These are as follows
- Gold medal
- Silver medal
- Bronze medal
More information about the Olympic medals History, composition and physical parameters
The Pierre de Coubertin medal
There is another medal which is often called as fourth Olympic medal called as The Pierre de Coubertin medal. It is named after the founder of the modern Olympics. IOC (International Olympic Committee) presents it to athletes and people within the sports industry. Who epitomize good sportsmanship or noteworthy contributions to the Olympic Games. This is not sporting medal and not awarded in every Olympics. It is awarded by IOC when it feels that someone really earned it. List of people who won The Pierre de Coubertin medal and what they did.
Olympic games mascot
The idea of placing a mascot for the Olympic games was officially came into existence at 73rd meeting of IOC(international Olympic committee) in Munich 1972 . although first Olympic mascot appeared in 1968 winter Olympics Grenoble, France, and then in Mexico 1968 there were unofficial dove and jaguar as mascots. Mascots work as the media or vehicle which conveys the Olympic spirit to masses and to showcase the distinctive geographical feature of the host country.
Utill 1992 mascots are designed on the basis of animal unique to the host country. After that human designed figures are also used as mascot for Olympics. Sometimes Olympics has more than one mascot like
- 1998 Nagano Winter Olympic Games had four mascots.
- 2000 Sydney Olympic Games had three mascots.
- 2004 Athens Olympic Games had two mascots.
- 2008 Beijing Olympics had five mascots.
More about Olympic mascots.
Women in Olympics
In to the ancient Olympic Games women are not allowed to participate in games. Males could only participate in games. The only way for women to enter games was to enter horses in equestrian sports. Consequently in modern Olympics women did not participate till 1900. Women did participation for the first time at the 1900 Paris Games with the inclusion of women’s events in lawn tennis and golf. In 1928 Olympics Women’s athletics and gymnastics was added. Over time more women’s events were added. In 2012, women’s boxing was introduced, that resulting in no remaining sports that do not include events for women.