Who are Governors of States?
In the Republic of India, a governor is the constitutional head of each of the twenty-nine states. Governors are appointed by the President of India for a term of five years, and holds office at the President’s pleasure.
Governors are de jure heads of the state government; all its executive actions are taken in the governor’s name.
The governor appoints the chief minister, whose council of ministers are collectively responsible to the assembly.
However, the governor must act on the advice of the popularly elected council of ministers, headed by the chief minister, who thus hold de facto executive authority at the state-level.
The Constitution of India also empowers the governor to act upon his or her own discretion, such as the ability to appoint or dismiss a ministry, recommend President’s rule, or reserve bills for the President’s assent. Over the years, the exercise of these discretionary powers have given rise to conflict between the elected chief minister and the central government–appointed governor.
A governor must:
- be a citizen of India.
- be at least thirty-five (35) years old.
- not be a member of the either house of the parliament or house of the state legislature.
- not hold any other office of profit.
List of 29 current Governors of Indian states
|State||Governors of Indian states
|Andhra Pradesh||Shri E.S Lakshmi Narasimhan|
|Arunachal Pradesh||Shri Padmanabha Balakrishna Acharya|
|Assam||Shri Banwarilal Purohit|
|Bihar||Shri Ram Nath Kovind|
|Chhattisgarh||Shri Balramji Dass Tandon|
|Goa||Smt. Mridula Sinha|
|Gujarat||Shri Om Prakash Kohli|
|Haryana||Prof. Kaptan Singh Solanki|
|Himachal Pradesh||Shri Acharya Dev Vrat|
|Jammu and Kashmir||Shri N. N. Vohra|
|Jharkhand||Shrimati Droupadi Murmu|
|Karnataka||Shri Vajubhai Vala|
|Kerala||Shri Justice (Retd.) Palaniswamy Sathasivam|
|Madhya Pradesh||Shri Om Prakash Kohli (Add. Charge)|
|Maharashtra||Shri Chennamaneni Vidyasagar Rao|
|Manipur||Dr. Najma A. Heptulla|
|Meghalaya||Shri Banwarilal Purohit|
|Mizoram||Lt. General (Retd.) Nirbhay Sharma|
|Nagaland||Shri Padmanabha Balakrishna Acharya|
|Odisha||Dr. S. C. Jamir|
|Punjab||Shri V.P. Singh Badnore|
|Rajasthan||Shri Kalyan Singh|
|Sikkim||Shri Shriniwas Dadasaheb Patil|
|Tamil Nadu||Shri. Ch. Vidyasagar Rao (Add. Charge)|
|Telangana||Shri E.S Lakshmi Narasimhan (Add. Charge)|
|Tripura||Shri Tathagata Roy|
|Uttar Pradesh||Shri Ram Naik|
|Uttarakhand||Dr. Krishan Kant Paul|
|West Bengal||Shri Keshari Nath Tripathi|