The Preamble of The Indian Constitution
“WE, THE PEOPLE OF INDIA, having solemnly resolved to constitute India into a SOVEREIGN, [SOCIALIST, SECULAR,] DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC and to secure to all its citizens:
JUSTICE, social, economic and political;
LIBERTY of thought , expression, belief, faith and worship;
EQUALITY of status and of opportunity; and to promote among them all
FRATERNITY assuring the dignity of the individual and the unity and [integrity] of the Nation;
IN OUR CONSTITUENT ASSEMBLY this twenty-sixth day of November, 1949, do HEREBY ADOPT, ENACT AND GIVE TO OURSELVES THIS CONSTITUTION.“
Important Clarifications and Facts about Preamble of the Indian Constitution:
History of the Adopting the Preamble of the Indian Constitution:
The Preamble which is based on the “Objectives Resolution” drafted by Jawaharlal Nehru and Adopted by the the Constituent Assembly. The Idea of adopting the Preamble was taken from the USA, country with the oldest written Constitution.
Is the Preamble part of the Basic structure of Constitution?
Yes, the Preamble is a part of the Indian Constitution.
In the Berubari Union case,1960, the Supreme Court stated that Preamble is not a part of the Constitution.
But, in 1973, in the Kesavanand Bharati case, the Supreme Court held that Preamble is a part of the Indian Constitution. It also stated that the earlier opinion, in 1960, that it is not a part of the Constitution was wrong.
In LIC of India case 1955 , the supreme court again held that the preamble is the integral part of the Indian constitution .
Does the Parliament of India has the power to Amend the Preamble?
Yes, Preamble of the Indian Constitution is Amendable. As I said above that the Preamble is very much a part of the Indian Constitution based on the Kesavanand Bharati case, so it can also be amended.
But the Basic feature of the Constitution Can not be changed. You can not claim anything from government based on the preamble, but it gives a direction. It tells us a citizens of this country the very purpose of the Constitution.
Did the Government of India ever amended the Preamble?
The Preamble has only once been amended by the parliament till date (i.e. October,2017). When Indira Gandhi was Prime Minister in 1976, by the 42nd Constitutional Amendment Act added three new words “socialist”, “secular” and “integrity” to the Preamble.